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Photography Terminology



Bokeh



This is a term that refers to the way the lens blurs the image and the aesthetic quality of that blur. Some lenses cause the image to blur that is pleasing to the eye, whereas others blur in a more unpleasant or distracting way. It is considered good practice to have the subject of the image in focus, while the background is blurred. Bokeh occurs in the part of the image that lies outside the depth of field and photographers sometimes use a shallow focus to make the out of focus regions more prominent.

Autumn bokeh by realityDream:thumb137015764::thumb160920938:

Depth of Field



This refers to how much of the scene is in focus. In portrait or macro photography, it is better to have a shallow depth of field and keep only part of the image in focus, as opposed to landscape photography where you'd generally want a larger depth of field and keep everything in focus.

an exercise in depth of field by danceafterdarkLeitz Dof Bokeh and Gina by pagan-live-style:thumb113051648:

Macro



Macro means the ability your camera, or lens, has to focus so close to the subject that it is captured as life size.

:: petit monde :: by hellfiredivaeyes on my blanket by onixa

Metadata



The metadata is the data about the image. The image it contains can vary from camera to camera, but it generally includes the date, time, shutter speed, ISO and aperture.

Noise



Noise is the digital equivalent of film grain. Noise is generally considered to be distracting or unattractive. Whilst most of it can be overlooked, when enlargements are made, it becomes very evident. Noise is worse in low light situations and whilst it can be removed to some extent by editing software, a better quality camera will usually reduce less noise in the first instance.

Post Processing



This refers to the editing that goes on after a photo is taken using image editing software.

Our Dreams by BlackLillyFlowerRed light by TeanamarePost Processing by BriansPhotos

RAW



RAW files are not processed by your camera at all. They are taken directly from the camera's sensor and are the purest image file possible. For more info on RAW files, take a look at Kaz-D's news article here

Emeralia by Matthew-Twhat's upstairs? by phoelixdeAlone in the Alps 7 by doruoprisan

Sensor



This is the electronic chip that records the image in a digital camera. There are two main types of sensor; CCD (Charge-Coupled Device) and CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor).
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:iconhefeigal:
hefeigal Featured By Owner Oct 20, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
This is really well-written and informative, thanks for posting! :)
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 31, 2012   Photographer
Thank you for reading!
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:iconhefeigal:
hefeigal Featured By Owner Nov 1, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
It was a great read!
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:iconcandytjoa:
candytjoa Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2012  Student Artist
i wish i can capture photo like that:)
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Jan 20, 2012   Photographer
Keep practising!
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:iconaaamaaa:
aaamaaa Featured By Owner Oct 20, 2011  Student Traditional Artist
Your great article was featured! :dummy:

[link]
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 21, 2011   Photographer
Thank you! :love:
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:iconaaamaaa:
aaamaaa Featured By Owner Oct 22, 2011  Student Traditional Artist
you are welcome! :D
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:iconeuxiom:
Euxiom Featured By Owner Oct 11, 2011
I love the fact the last words are 'Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor' YAY SCIENCE! :dummy: Nice article, really :la:
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2011   Photographer
:dummy:
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:iconblacksand459:
Blacksand459 Featured By Owner Oct 10, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
Cool! Thanks for the primer on photo jargon!
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2011   Photographer
Glad you liked it! :)
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:icondingodogphotography:
DingoDogPhotography Featured By Owner Oct 10, 2011  Hobbyist Photographer
Informative and educational. And just plain awesome. :highfive:
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 10, 2011   Photographer
:dummy:
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:iconfoothepanda:
Foothepanda Featured By Owner Oct 10, 2011  Hobbyist Photographer
How could the photographer in me NOT like this? :la: :hug:
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 10, 2011   Photographer
:dummy:
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:iconthesquarebrick:
TheSquareBrick Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011  Hobbyist Photographer
Bokeh is Beautiful.
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 10, 2011   Photographer
Indeed it is.
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:iconbebefromtheblock:
bebefromtheblock Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011   Photographer
I love this class miss :aww:
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 10, 2011   Photographer
:dummy:
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:iconxcetera:
Xcetera Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011  Professional Photographer
Very nice article :nod: I might link this to my photography class to take a look at, along with the other Photography Week articles =)
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011   Photographer
Glad you liked it :dummy:
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:iconmishelangello:
Mishelangello Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011
:love:
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011   Photographer
:heart:
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:icondistortedsmile:
DistortedSmile Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011  Hobbyist Photographer
:clap: Very informative, love it
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011   Photographer
:dummy:
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:iconkaz-d:
Kaz-D Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011  Hobbyist Photographer
:heart: Learnt stuffs I didn't know here!
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011   Photographer
yay! :dummy:
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:iconim-not-sana:
im-not-sana Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
BOKEH :heart:

Informative article and lovely features :aww:
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:iconkinipelahh:
kinipelahh Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2011   Photographer
:love:
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